The Different Types of Septic Tank Systems

The Different Types of Septic Tank Systems

If you live in a rural area or cannot connect to the main sewage system, you probably use a septic tank system to dispose of your wastewater. A septic tank system stores and treats wastewater from your property before releasing it into the environment.

Do you know about the different types of septic tank systems? Let’s discuss the different systems and determine which one might be the right choice for you.

Conventional Septic Tank System

The conventional system is the most common type among homeowners. It consists of a septic tank and a drain field. The tank is an underground chamber that collects wastewater from the home and separates it into three layers: scum (lightweight materials, oils, and grease), effluent (wastewater), and sludge (heavy materials, solids, and organic matter). Once treated, the effluent in the septic tank goes into the drain field, which naturally absorbs into the soil.

Chamber System

This relatively new septic tank system uses plastic chambers instead of pipes and gravel to transport wastewater from the septic tank to the drain field. The plastic chambers are lightweight and easy to install, making them popular among homeowners looking for a low-maintenance system. The chamber system allows oxygen to flow through the chambers, which breaks down the wastewater’s organic matter more effectively.

Aerobic Septic Tank System

This septic tank system provides more efficient wastewater treatment by introducing oxygen. The aerobic septic tank system uses an air pump to bring oxygen into the wastewater, encouraging aerobic bacteria growth that breaks down organic matter. This system is common in areas where the soil is unsuitable for a conventional septic tank system.

Mound System

This septic tank system works well for properties with poor soil conditions, such as high water tables or shallow bedrock. The mound system consists of a septic tank that collects wastewater from the home, which pumps to a raised mound made of sand and gravel. The wastewater goes across the mound, where the soil and plants naturally treat it.

Pressure Distribution System

A pressure distribution system uses a pump to disperse wastewater evenly across the drain field. The pump maintains constant pressure in the pipes, which distributes wastewater evenly across the system. This system is ideal for properties with steep slopes, tight soil, or limited space.

Choosing the right septic tank system for your property is crucial to ensuring your wastewater is disposed of safely and efficiently. Each septic tank system has advantages and disadvantages, so it’s important to speak with a septic tank professional to determine the best fit for your property. Depending on your local regulations, some septic tank systems may not be available for your property. Check with your local building department about systems that meet the code in your area before making a final decision.

Fletcher’s Plumbing & Contracting offers an emergency septic tank service that can diagnose and repair a septic tank system. Our certified technicians have experience with all types of septic tank systems, and we can provide you with the best solution for your needs. Contact us today for more information!